The U.S. Public Health Service Syphilis Study at Tuskegee

From the CDC: The U.S Public Health Service (USPHS) Syphilis Study at Tuskegee  was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972. The study was intended to observe the natural history of untreated syphilis. As part of the study, researchers did not collect informed consent from participants and they did not offer treatment, even after it was widely available. The study ended in 1972[…]

Researchers Urged to ‘Meet Patients Where They Are’ to Build More Diverse Clinical Trials

Sponsors looking to increase diversity in clinical trials should, among other things, “meet patients where they are,” hire a more diverse pool of trial investigators, train nonminority investigators and deploy a patient-centric model for trials that includes input from Community Advisory Boards (CABs). Read More

Unconscious (Implicit) Bias and Health Disparities: Where Do We Go from Here?

Disparities in health care are of great concern, with much attention focused on the potential for unconscious (implicit) bias to play a role in this problem. Some initial studies have been conducted, but the empirical research has lagged. This article provides a research roadmap that spans investigations of the presence of implicit bias in health[…]

Implicit Racial/Ethnic Bias Among Health Care Professionals and Its Influence on Health Care Outcomes: A Systematic Review

Implicit attitudes are thoughts and feelings that often exist outside of conscious awareness, and thus are difficult to consciously acknowledge and control. Negative implicit attitudes about people of color may contribute to racial/ethnic disparities in health and healthcare. We systematically reviewed evidence on implicit racial/ethnic bias among health care professionals and on the relationships between[…]

Minority Patients Benefit From Having Minority Doctors, But That’s a Hard Match to Make

In today’s America, minority patients still have markedly worse health outcomes than white patients. The differences are greatest for black Americans: Compared to white patients, they are two to three times as likely to die of preventable heart disease and stroke. They also have higher rates of cancer, asthma, influenza,pneumonia, diabetes, HIV/AIDS and homicide. For[…]

Implicit Stereotyping and Medical Decisions: Unconscious Stereotype Activation in Practitioners’ Thoughts About African Americans

Health care professionals learn that some diseases may be associated with various population groups. Doctors and nurses, for example, need to know if some categories of people are more likely than others to manifest specific symptoms and diseases. Ashkenazi Jews have a higher prevalence of Tay-Sachs disease than other groups. Hypertension is more prevalent among[…]

Race, Ethnicity, Culture, and Disparities in Healthcare

In spite of significant advances in the diagnosis and treatment of most chronic diseases, there is evidence that racial and ethnic minorities tend to receive lower quality of care than nonminorities and that, patients of minority ethnicity experience greater morbidity and mortality from various chronic diseases than nonminorities. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report on[…]

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